The United Nations is an international non- partisan organization committed for maintaining international peace and security; promoting human rights, social progress and living standards, developing friendly relations among countries. It has an international character that has been made powerful by vesting the powers in its founding Charter. The powers of this United Nations allow it to take appropriate action on a wide range of issues and it offer a platform for its 192 Member States to convey their views through its various bodies including the Security Council, General Assembly, the Economic and Social Council and other committees.
The scope of work done by United Nations is extensive and it reaches to every region of the globe. It is widely known for peace keeping, peace building, humanitarian assistance, and conflict prevention. Apart from these roles, it affects our lives in various ways and strives to make this world a better place to live in. The Organization operates on a broad range of fundamental issues including disaster relief, counter terrorism, sustainable development, disarmament and non-proliferation, environment and refugees protection. It is actively engaged in promoting the democracy, gender equality and the advancement of women, human rights, clearing landmines, expanding food production, governance, international health, economic and social development and many more. It takes initiative for making a safer world for current and future generations.
The main bodies of United Nations include The General Assembly, The Security Council, The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), The International Court of Justice, and The Secretariat.
The General Assembly is the chief functional body of the UN and it comprises of the representatives from all Member States. The Security Council is responsible for maintenance of international peace and security under the UN Charter. The Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) is the major body that coordinates the economic, social and related work of the UN, specialized agencies and institutions. The International Court of Justice acts as the principal judicial organ of the United Nations and The Secretariat is responsible for day-to-day work of the Organization.