Types of NGOs

On August 30, 2010, in Types of NGOs, by Sushant

The NGOs can be classified into various types on the basis of different factors like orientation or level of cooperation.

NGO type by orientation can be grouped into Charitable orientation; Service orientation; Participatory orientation; and Empowering orientation.

Types of NGOs NGO type by level of co-operation can be grouped into Community- Based Organisation; City Wide Organisation; National NGOs; and International NGOs;

The Non-governmental organizations forms a heterogeneous group and it has a long list of organization working in different areas with varied scope of work. The alternative terms used in addition to “NGO” include private voluntary organizations, civil society, independent sector, self-help organizations, grassroots organizations, volunteer sector, transnational social movement organizations, and non-state actors (NSA’s).

Some of the Famous terms used for NGO are mentioned below.

BINGO – It is a short term used for business-friendly international NGO

CITS – It is a type of NGO that basically devoted in helping the scientific community by motivating the young talent towards R & D.

CSO – It is short term for civil society organization

DONGO – It refers to the Donor Organized NGO

ENGO – It is an abbreviated form of environmental NGO like Global 2000;

GONGO – It refers to the government-operated NGOs

INGO – It is an abbreviated form of international NGO like Oxfam

QUANGO – It refers to the quasi-autonomous NGO like an ISO non-governmental organizations, such as the International Organization for Standardization (ISO)

TANGO – It refers to the technical assistance NGO

GSO – it stands for the Grassroots Support Organization

MANGO – It refers to the market advocacy NGO

CHARDS – It is a short form for Community Health and Rural Development Society

As per the World Bank Typology, the NGOs can be classified into Operational and Advocacy NGOs.

Operational NGO – The main purpose of operational NGO is to design and implement the development-related projects. The scope of the Operational NGOs can be national, international or even community-based.

Advocacy NGO – The main purpose of an Advocacy NGO is to promote a specific cause. It makes efforts to raise awareness and knowledge by doing various activities like lobbying, press work and activist events.

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