NGOs work for a wide variety of causes that aims to bring about the change in the life of the people for a greater cause and to protect their rights. As there are various types of NGOs, therefore their way of working also differs from each other. Some NGOs simply act as lobbyists, while others mainly conduct programs and activities. For example, an NGO like Oxfam works to alleviate poverty by offering the help to the needy people in form of equipments and skills for getting access to food and clean drinking water. On other hand, an NGO like the FFDA carries out investigation and documentation of human rights violations. It helps by offering legal assistance to the victims of human rights abuses. Some other NGOs like Afghanistan Information Management Services, helps by providing specialized technical products and services for supporting development activities which are implemented by other organizations on the ground.
Public relations – NGOs focuses a lot on maintaining the healthy relationships with the public for meeting their goals. In fact, there are various foundations and charities which use sophisticated public relations campaigns for raising funds. They also stressed on using standard lobbying techniques with governments of the nations. Some of the interest groups are political in nature as they have abilities to control social and political outcomes. The World Association of Non Governmental NGOs established “A code of ethics” in 2002.
Project management is being employed by the NGOs to carry out their projects successfully. They make use of various project management techniques. Generally, private NGOs work for community or environmental issues. These NGOs are designed to work for large number of issues including humanitarian affairs, religion, and emergency aid. These NGO gather the public support and voluntary contributions for assistance. These NGOs have links with community groups in the developing countries. NGOs are increasingly becoming accepted on international relations landscape where they might influence national and multilateral policy-making.